Astrophotography by Anthony Ayiomamitis

Deep Sky Object Image Gallery

Open star clusters are widely distributed in our galaxy and represent a loose collection of stars which number from a few dozen to a few hundred stars and are weakly-held gravitationally. Perhaps the three most famous such open clusters are the Pleiades (M45) in Taurus, the Beehive (M44) in Cancer and the double cluster in Perseus. They are all characterized with a handful of hot and white prominent stars and nebular material surrounding these stars.

Note: Open cluster NGC 6494 in Sagittarius depicted below is a rich dense cluster comprised of over 100 member stars which are of uniform brightness and well detached from the rich background sky. The cluster spans 30 arc-minutes in diameter or 15-20 light-years across. M23 lies at a distance of 2,150 light-years away and is dated at a mere 220-300 million years-old and as evidenced by the predominance of white hot stars in the image below. The cluster is best observed using low magnifications (50-100x) during mid-summer as it approaches the southern meridian near midnight. NGC 6494 was discovered by Charles Messier in 1764.

Please click on the image below to display in higher resolution (1200 x 950)

Image Details
M23 - Open Cluster in Sagittarius
Imaging Details
NGC Number:
6494

Common Name(s):
N/A

Other Designations:
Cr 356, Mel 184

Object Type:
Open Cluster

Object Classif:
II 2 r

Constellation:
Sagittarius

RA / Dec:
17h 56m 52s /
-18 59' 12"


Distance:
2,150 light-yrs

Object Size:
30'

Magnitude:
6.9
Date:
May 10, 2010
02:40 - 04:50 UT+3


Location:
Athens, Greece

Equipment:
AP 160 f/7.5 StarFire EDF
AP 1200GTO GEM
SBIG ST-10XME
SBIG CFW10
SBIG LRGB filters


Integrations:
Lum :  036 min (12 x 3 min)
Red :  030 min (05 x 6 min)
Green :  030 min (05 x 6 min)
Blue :  030 min (05 x 6 min)
Binning :  1x1 (Lum),  1x1 (RGB)

Image Scale:
1.17" per pixel

Temperatures:
Ambient : + 22.0 C
CCD Chip : - 17.5 C

Software:
CCDSoft V5.00.195
CCDStack V1.6.0.5
eXcalibrator V1.0.3.0
Aladin V6
Photoshop CS2