Astrophotography by Anthony Ayiomamitis

Solar Image Gallery - Analemma (13:00:00 UT+2)

Incredible as it may sound, only seven times has someone ever managed to successfully image the solar analemma as a multi-exposure on a single piece of film. An analemma is basically the figure "8" loop that results when one observes the position of the sun at the same time during the day over the course of a year. As a result of the earth's tilt about its axis (23.5) and its elliptical orbit about the sun, the location of the sun is not constant from day to day when observed at the same time on each day over a period of twelve months. Furthermore, this loop will be inclined at different angles depending on one's geographical latitude.

As suggested by the relatively few number of successfully completed analemmas (seven total including the pioneering photo in 1979), the imaging of the sun over local skies during the course of twelve months is considered one of the most difficult and demanding astronomical phenomena to image. The analemma presented below is one of TEN analemmas completed during a marathon started in 2001 in an attempt to document the complete range of analemmas from sunrise to sunset (see here). It is further unique as it represents the seventh of eight analemmas ever imaged during a single calendar year and also the ninth analemma ever imaged in Greece.

Note: For an animation involving the analemma below and which beautifully documents the actual motion of the sun during twelve consecutive months when observed at precisely 13:00:00 UT+2, please see the example here.

Note: As noted elsewhere, more men have walked on the moon than have successfully photographed the analemma (see S&T, Dec/2003: 73).

Image Details
Analemma with the Temple of Poseidon (450-440 BC)
Imaging Details

332,900 x Earth

Mean Eq Diameter:
109.1 x Earth

147 million km

RA / Dec:
02h 13m 05s /
+13 23'


Jan 06, 2004 - Dec 20, 2004
13:00:00 UT+2

Athens, Greece

Canon A-1
Canon FD 24 mm @ f/11
Fuji Super HQ 100
Baadar Solar Filter ND5

1/30 sec
46 multiple exposures +
  1 foreground exposure

Photoshop V6

Resampling (25%)
JPG Compression