Although the rising sun may seem to occur at approximately the same azimuth when observed from day to day, a longer term
observational project will reveal this to be far from the truth. In fact, if we were to mentally note the azimuth of the
rising sun around summer solstice in June and repeat this exercise around winter solstice in December, we will note
that the sun has shifted by approximately 65° during the intervening six months!
This "moving target" involving the rising (or setting) sun is due to the elliptical nature of our planet's orbit around the sun which is responsible for the variable arrival of the sun on the local meridian by up to 16 minutes early or late and the "Equation of Time" which is described and documented elsewhere on this site along with the variable altitude due to earth's tilt in its axis of rotation (23.45°) relative to its orbital plane.
Note: For an alternate presentation of the image below complete with imaging details, click here.